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Friday, 15 November 2019

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How Solopreneurs Can Boost Business by Adopting Smart Tech Solutions


Before we all had access to digital technology, the idea of running a business on your own was a daunting prospect. Being a one-person business, or solopreneur, is still a challenge and requires dedication, but tech advancements give you the tools that can amplify your efforts. If you ever feel like you’re struggling to stay afloat, much less grow your business, ask yourself if you’re using all the tools you need to succeed.

Do you have the right tools?
One of the great things about being a solopreneur is that you have fewer costs than other businesses, especially when it comes to setting up your office. However, even though you don’t need to upfit an entire office, you do need to make sure your business tools are serving your needs. This includes tech essentials like having the right computer and a dependable smartphone. You should also have a trusted phone carrier that offers high speeds and reliable connectivity.

These tools may sound basic, but they are crucial to operating effectively! Take, for example, your smartphone and all it can do for your business. Besides just making calls and sending messages, your smartphone allows you to do more advanced tasks on your own. This can range from using a newer model device to take professional-looking photos to using the right apps for managing finances, creating marketing materials, and countless other tasks.

Are you using the right software and apps?
Along with the right devices, solopreneurs also need to find the best software and apps that help you accomplish more. According to Invsetopedia, staying organized and maintaining accurate accounting records are two requirements for any small business to achieve your goals. If you also need to invoice clients, a good accounting app can make it easy to do this from your phone.

Another way to ensure you stay organized is to use cloud storage. For some business types, cloud storage can even eliminate the need for paper records, which simplifies your life and reduces the amount of physical space you need.

Of course, taking your business to the next level requires more than just doing basic everyday tasks efficiently. It also requires taking steps to grow, either by expanding your products or services, or by reaching new clients. Digital tools can help with this demand, too, especially when it comes to marketing. Solopreneurs can take advantage of tools like Google analytics to make sure your SEO efforts are effective (and make changes when necessary).

What can you do more efficiently?
There are times as a solopreneur when it just feels like you need an extra set of hands. This is when it’s smart to look into tech solutions that help you get that work done without having the help of a real live person. One example is to use an online voice recorder, whether you need a record of meetings or you simply find it’s quicker to dictate emails and other messages rather than writing them out.

An online voice recording service is typically free if all you need is a recording in the form of an MP3. If you want to have your recordings transcribed into notes, some companies will provide this additional service at affordable prices. The beauty of this strategy is that all you have to do is insert these notes wherever you need them, so you’ve basically taken care of several tasks with one solution.

What can you outsource?
Even with the best software and apps, there are still times when you’re better off outsourcing. According to Wise Bread, one way to outsource if you’re in retail is to use an Amazon fulfillment service. Another way to outsource without hiring is to contract with other companies or freelance professionals for tasks that take too much of your time, like marketing or accounting.

Between outsourcing what you can and simplifying other tasks, tech resources are the solutions that allow your solopreneur business to accomplish more. Don’t assume that just because you’re a solopreneur, your business can’t grow! Growth comes from boosting what you can accomplish, and it doesn’t take a team behind you to make that happen.
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Thursday, 31 October 2019

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70 Most Common/FAQ Job Interview Questions Answers for Everyone | Fresher and Experienced

Among the questions of a job interview, there are always some that are repeated , they are necessary for the interviewer to know more about you and expand what he has already read in your resume. For that reason I have decided to pick up the most frequently asked questions in a job interview and offer them, along with some tips, so you can prepare yourself as well as possible.
The purpose of the interviews is that after them, the company can know who and how you are . So be honest in your answers or they can turn against you. They can always check what you have told them or rephrase questions during the interview to corroborate the data, and in some of them you can contradict yourself.

Do not memorize the most common answers , take it as a guide with which you can get an idea of ​​what is dynamic of job interviews.

What I recommend is that you analyze yourself to really know how you are, what preparation you have for the position you are applying for and what job goals you pursue. When you are clear about this information, try to have someone ask you the questions and write down your answers, listen to yourself and assess whether the answers you have given are reasonable and sincere, that is what they will ask you for the day of the interview.

Quick menu

  • Tip about your questions and your answers
  • The first questions (To break the ice)
  • Knowledge about the company and the position you are applying for
  • Questions about training and professional experience
  • The job search and your expectations
  • About working as a team and your role
  • Questions about the effects of stress and pressure
  • Questions about decision making / initiative
  • Questions about your personality
  • Questions related to your private life
  • Cheat questions
  • Killer questions
  • Questions or situations that may arise
  • Questions you should ask the interviewer


Tip about your questions and your answers
I am sure that you have seen many times how they ask a politician about the mistakes he has made in his management, or about what his party has committed.

But you have never heard them answer, listing those mistakes. Well that's the idea, you can recognize that if you have made mistakes, since that makes you human and is more realistic, but don't mention anything concrete or serious, focus on how you solved them , and how they have served you to learn and reach many More successes.

The first questions (To break the ice)
How is your heart doing at this point? you should relax. You are in front of the interviewer, but you have already prepared the interview and after some first questions or comments to break the ice, they will ask you about your work and student life , maybe about your private life and little else. So you are prepared for anything.

Although from the first moment they will be valuing you, in this first contact with the person who is going to interview you, it is about breaking the ice with trivial questions and comments , which we all usually do in your daily life, so do not worry about excess.

So in this case it is not about giving the best answers, but the advice of letting go, being natural and just chatting normally to get to know each other a little more.

1). What a day !? How hot / cold / rainy?
Typical elevator conversation. Just give your opinion of how you see the day, you do not need to prove anything, so do not complicate yourself making meteorological parts.

 2). Did you find it hard to find the building / company? How was the trip?
If they have paid you for travel and accommodation, do not criticize the first change, say that everything went well and without incident. You are also not interested in discussing this topic, so do not spend more minutes than necessary.

If they ask you the question because you are late , apologize and do not mention the reasons if they are not important. No coach likes to hear excuses since the first question.

 3). How do you prefer to be called?
My name is Javier, and that name appears on my curriculum. But I prefer to be called Javi, so I would mention that option. In any case, it is preferable that you do not say that you do not care , since the name is one of the most important things you have and deserve to be called as you like it more.

Knowledge about the company and the position you are applying for

Anyone from Human Resources likes to see concern and interest in the candidate. And these questions will help you assess your interest in the company and the job you are presenting to. It is a way to see if you are really going to do everything in that position and you have invested time in investigating, or for you it is simply a way to obtain income and you have chopped at this door, just as you could have done it in another one.

These types of questions facilitate the process of selection and management of candidates, since the answers obtained are usually decisive, and in all recruitment and personnel selection processes they ensure that they are included:

 4). What do you know about our company?
This is undoubtedly one of the first questions they can ask you. It is quite logical that if the candidate has invested time in finding out what the company does and knows it thoroughly, his interest in the position is real, and therefore from the beginning he shows interest and commitment. Needless to say, today with media such as the Internet, it is very simple to inform and interact with the company through social networks , before the interview.

 5). What will your work consist of?
Another way to find out if you have bothered to know the characteristics of the job you are applying to. You must respond according to what was described in the job offer, your own experience, or the inquiries you have made , but always with rigor and without presupposing anything.

 6). Why do you think you are the right person for this job?
It is directly related to the previous question, and is about answering, emphasizing your strengths regarding work experience and knowledge . It is also important to summarize what is important, such as your enthusiasm, desire to work, interest in that work or the knowledge you have of the company. You should always keep in mind, stand out against other candidates.

Be clear about the characteristics of the ideal candidate for that position, and value your professional profile in that regard. Don't try to belittle other candidates.

 7). Do you know someone who works in the company?
It is a very repeated question in which you should be honest and mention someone, only if you really know him. Since it is very likely that they end up asking about you , and it is also very possible that they ask you more specific questions about the company and the position you choose, since it is expected that you have asked your acquaintance in those terms.

Questions about training and professional experience

What we put in the curriculum is not always accurate, or perhaps incomplete. So thanks to these types of questions, they will get the information they need.

They are also the type of questions that you should impress, mentioning your greatest successes and showing what you have learned, both in the student stage, and in the practical experience in similar jobs.

When it comes to the professional stage, the interviewer wants to know in what position and company you have stood out, so try to make a good script and take it mentally prepared.

 8). What languages ​​do you speak?
One of the indispensable questions in a selection process refers to the languages ​​you speak and what is your degree of language proficiency.

If in your curriculum you put that you master some language and for that job it is necessary that you speak it, do not doubt that you can drop one or several questions to which you will have to answer, in English, German, French ...

 9). What experience do you have in this sector?
As when talking about your general work experience, you should adjust to those jobs that most closely resemble the one you are now opting for , and highlight those that have provided you with skills for this new job. If on the contrary, you have not worked before in the sector, you can respond by mentioning those practices, volunteers or courses, which are directly related to the sector, and the position you choose.

10). How did you get your last job?
At this point, you must show that you have initiative and that you are an active worker . So if you got the job by your own means, it's good that you explain how you did it and value your productivity.

11). Have you been kicked out of any work?
In a selection process it is important not to lie, you must answer affirmatively if this has happened and not hide anything , since it is something very easy to find out. If you delve into the question, avoid criticizing your previous company or bosses, it is about taking it to your field and not blaming yourself for it.

You can expose what you have learned from that situation, how that has made you change, and tell what happened without going into details that harm you.

12). Who can give me references?
If you have not added the references to your resume, you should be prepared and keep a list of the people who know you best and who can give you the best opinion , talk to them first so they know they could call you. Sometimes they will not call anyone, and they will simply do it to see how you react, so taking it ready you will sign up somewhat.

13). What job successes would you highlight?
Try to explain those successes that in addition to benefiting you personally, have been a benefit for the company . Make him see that the skills you demonstrated in those cases, you could also apply to the job you are applying for.

14). Have you made any professional mistakes?
When you recognize a mistake, you have the opportunity to do better next time, so do n't be afraid to recognize it. We all make mistakes. So you can talk about having made a mistake by joining a company in which you did not advance what you wanted, or how, you did not reach the desired objective in any project.

But always explain what you learned, and how you would have done it now that you have more experience.

15). What has been your biggest professional disappointment?
If you have several, quote only one. Explain that it was, try to tell something that you could not control directly, but do not talk about not raising your salary, that they ascended to another in your place, etc. That could harm you.

Focus on the argument of how you accepted and overcame that situation . Don't try to blame others, so don't talk about feelings towards the people involved.

16). Have you ever had to fire someone?
If you did, do not explain it as if it had been easy. He argues that it was a difficult and very thoughtful decision , and that after assessing what was best for the company, you had to do it.

The job search and your expectations
It is about asking you questions that will help you to know if you have actively sought employment, if you have invested your time as unemployed in continuing to train and ultimately if you are an orderly person who follows a plan, to reach certain goals in life .

17). Why did you spend so much time in the same job and the same company?
It is increasingly rare, but if you have spent many years in the same position, you will respond by saying that the company has changed a lot since its inception and that you have been changing with it. You should not leave the image of being stuck . Unlike. You must show that you were evolving and adapting to the changes.

If, on the contrary, there were no major changes in your company, you will emphasize positive things, such as loyalty to the company, believing in a project and that the advantage of maintaining a stable job is highly valued by you.

18). Do you think your last job was the best?
It's about making the interviewer see that you were successful in your previous job, because you gave it your all . And thanks to the knowledge acquired, now is when you are better prepared for this new job.

Do not think about answering what the interviewer wants to hear, but do not create doubts by saying, that it was the best, or that it is coming, since it might seem that you have already given everything and you have no new goals, or that you never you got to try hard enough.

19). Why did he not work for so long?
The answer is not easy and will depend on several factors, but you can answer that it is not something that you have very clear . And then put yourself in value, telling you that your training and experience are correct for the job and that you have also taken certain courses, got certain clients, participated in projects, or have characteristics that differentiate you from the rest.

20). Why did you leave or want to quit your job?
You must be honest and explain, for example, if the company is going through bad times, if you were fired, or that you are looking for better conditions. But as in the previous question, you should not criticize your previous company .

It is best to convey that you are looking for new experiences and challenges, that you want to have greater responsibilities or simply that you want to grow as a professional, in your sector.

21). Why has he changed his job so much?
She is interested in knowing if there is any kind of problem, or if you are a faithful person to the company and you are going to reward them for the resources they dedicate to you, so you can tell them that before, what you valued most were the new experiences. But you have been acquiring greater responsibilities, and that at this time you also value stability .

On the other hand, you can indicate that company changes were always due to major improvements, but without talking too much about purely salary issues.

22). What did you do while you were unemployed?
Explain how you have been actively seeking employment, show that you are a person with concerns and that you are interested in continuing to train. To do this, nothing better than cite the courses, practices, doctorates or masters that you have done during your stage as unemployed.

23). Are you in other selection processes?
Don't give more information than necessary, but don't hide it either . The best thing is that you mention that the work you are interested in is for the one you are now presenting, either because your characteristics fit what they ask for or because what they offer is exactly what you are looking for.

24). If I could choose. In which company would you work?
Do not tell. This is the company I would like to work in. And if you do, reason it enough that it doesn't look like rally.
Actually it is better that you do not say company names, the ideal is to mention characteristics that you like about the company in which you are interviewing.

You can talk about the work environment, their business culture, the clients they have, the incentives, opportunities to face new challenges, move forward ...

25). What would be your ideal job position?
More than the ideal job, talk about the features you would like it to have. You can mention that you would like a job with options to continue learning, where to be surrounded by enthusiastic people, in which your effort is valued, where to have responsibilities, etc. Adjust your response to the characteristics of the position you demand.

26). Are you willing to work overtime?
It is something that in principle should be answered in the affirmative, you must show availability and commitment, so there is no other. But if it's going to be impossible, answer honestly , because among other things, they can ask you questions about where, when and why you did your last extra hours.

27). Would you be willing to travel frequently or move?
It is something that is linked to the position you demand, but they may want to check your family charges or your commitment to the company. In any case, answer with sincerity and not with what you think they want to hear.

28). Where do you see it within 5 years?
Focus on the work, do not specify too much in what position you want to be or how much you want to earn , say rather that you expect to continue working (in general, not in that company) and facing new challenges.

29). What are your goals for the future?
Talk about professional goals that you have set for yourself, and how you plan to achieve it . They do not have to be directly linked with that company, since as in the previous question, you do not know if they will hire you. But if you could talk about the immediate future and how your goal is to work in that company, to continue progressing until reaching certain professional goals.

30). When could you join the company?
If you are working indicate that in the 15 days of rigor , do not say that it would be immediate, because if you start leaving your previous company hanging, it would be a very bad start.

If you are training with a course or have obligations at home , you must have already taken care of finding ways to make them compatible with work, so explain how you would do it and that you would have no problem joining the company. It is better not to respond, "immediately" or it would seem that you do not occupy your time while you are unemployed and have been wasting it.

About working as a team and your role
With these questions and your answers, the interviewer will find out if you are a worker who feels comfortable working in a group and what is the role you occupy in him. Do you have leader or follower wood?

31). Do you prefer to work alone or in a team?
It is increasingly valued that employees know how to work in a team, so respond in that line. You can say that you work well in a team and that you like to do it, but that in the same way you also know how to work alone.

32). Working in a team. What position do you prefer?
Respond according to your real experience, if you have worked in a team before, you will know in which role you feel more comfortable, so transmit it to the interviewer.

33). Have you led a team meeting? As was?
He mentions that the meetings were always agreed with the team members and that they were never done more than necessary. Talk about how you mixed information and motivation equally.

34). How do you motivate your team?
Talk about recognizing the achievements of each team member, offering them information about the objectives they are accomplishing, and how you communicate with them to solve any problem that arises.

35). What successes have you achieved as the leader of your team?
You can talk about concrete successes , increase in sales, greater customer satisfaction, completion of a project, etc. But above all talk about how your management had an impact on the group, and they allowed you to achieve success.

36). What people do you like to work with?
It's about talking about qualities, especially those that are best valued within a company. You can say that with committed, loyal, imaginative, capable, participatory people ...

37). What do you expect from a boss? How should your relationship with employees be.
You can talk about waiting for a relationship to communicate with him, and receive his support to carry out the work with the greatest efficiency.

38). How were your previous bosses?
As in other similar questions, you should leave behind feelings, whether negative or positive. Never criticize your former bosses , that will only harm you.
What you should do is give a general and neutral response, in which you talk about the way you lead, how you motivated the employees and what you learned during that stage.

39). How do you think you should be a good boss?
You may be talking to your future boss at that time, so it's time to pull generalities again. He mentions aspects such as knowing how to work in a team, the ability to motivate, who knows how to listen and respect opinions, etc.

40). What relationship have you had with your coworkers?
Again, don't talk about feelings or criticize former classmates. The normal thing is that you get along and even make friends among the colleagues who work in your same department, so it is better to remain as sociable people and that are valued by others, enough to make friends.

41). Have you ever mediated a peer conflict?
If you have done so, focus on the impartiality with which you dealt with the conflict and on the techniques you used to mediate. As you worried about knowing the interests of the parties, the rights of each one, and finally you proposed a reconciliation strategy.

42). How do others describe you?
This is a part where references from former colleagues, bosses or customers can enter. But the idea is to normalize the negative and the positive aspects. The very, very, always, you can turn them into: almost always, a little, sometimes.

Talk about how good they say about you, but also cite some criticisms , and talk about how they have helped you improve. From that point, you can start to tell what your qualities are.

43). What is your opinion of your co-workers?
Remember the successes that you have had and the acknowledgments that have been made to you, extract those positive comments and evaluations and present them to the interviewer . Try to be related to the work you choose, you can talk about being creative, having a positive attitude, good taste, being dedicated, perfectionist, good communicator ...

44). What have stood out from you, your bosses?
It is closely related to the previous question, so try to select those positive comments that have to do with the characteristics that are necessary in the profession and the position you are applying for . Talk about your ability to withstand the pressure, your communication skills, how you highlighted your ability to reconcile, etc.

Questions about the effects of stress and pressure
There are many jobs in which certain qualities are needed, and in this case it is about finding out if you could work under pressure and do it with quality. It will also try to find out if you know how to withstand stress and if you have learned mechanisms to dissipate it.

45). How do you work under pressure?
Pressures may exist in any job, so answer that you have already worked in these types of situations and that you could face them again. You can cite a project or situation in which you worked under pressure and what was your method to overcome it successfully .

46). How would you rate the work you did under pressure
Quote how you followed your own planning, and adjusted it to the plan set by the company, and that you met the objectives that were requested.

47). Describe a difficult problem that you have solved
Talk about a relevant case that has been a benefit for the company, cite how you solved it and what techniques you used to reach that resolution. Analyze the situation, identify the problems and establish an action plan.

Questions about decision making / initiative
If you go to a job where this section is important, prepare the questions and your answers, because they will surely be decisive. If they find out that you have never made a decision or that you have never taken the initiative, surely do not pass this stage of the selection.

48). What would you do if you had to make a decision and there is no procedure that dictates how to do it.
You cannot give the image that you ran out to look for your boss, or you were left blank, or with your arms crossed. Cite a similar situation in which you showed initiative proposing solutions and let them see that you are able to think of ways to solve problems, and that you are not afraid to face these situations.

49). How do you solve the daily problems you face in your position?
Synthesize the problems you may have had in the development of your work and also how to deal with them. You can mention that the first thing for you is to analyze the situation, identify the problems, ask for opinions (work in teams) and finally apply a plan to solve them.

50). What proposals have you made in previous work?
Cite those that were accepted by the company, and finally were carried out with greater success. You must prepare this answer as it serves to see if you commit to the company and you care that it improves.

51). What kind of decisions did you make daily at work?
If you have had a position of responsibility, list those decisions you have made, which are relevant and that may have a direct relationship with the position you are in demand.

Questions about your personality
One of the most important sections, where through your questions and your answers you will be able to find out who you really are.

52). Tell me about yourself
This question is very common and at the same time difficult to answer, as extensive as the answer may seem. But generally the interviewer himself will clarify what period and aspects interest him, so it is not about you telling your whole life.

It is appropriate that you have a script with your different student and professional stages , that way you can expose what interests you, about your knowledge or professional experience.

53). What are your strengths?
You must show what your strengths are, in those qualities that have to do with the personal and professional . Hence the importance of analyzing oneself and preparing the job interview .

Remember what you found out with your analysis and mention those qualities that most have to do with the position you are requesting , you can mention examples in which you demonstrated communication skills, loyalty, results orientation, sacrifice, etc. At least keep in mind three virtues that you want to mention.

54). What are your weaknesses?
It is better to mention those defects that have less relation with the position you are applying for . The trick is to mention defects that can be virtues , such as taking a little longer to do things because you like them to be perfect or to be somewhat stubborn for not stopping until you reach your goal. If you mention other defects such as disorganization, say also what techniques you have learned to correct them, and as now they no longer affect your work.

First of all, we must make it clear that whatever our defect or defects, we have already overcome them or we know how to overcome them and carry out our work. Try to put aside those flaws that only seek to flatter themselves, such as the classic "I'm too perfectionist," "I'm too responsible," etc.
[alert-success] Here you can see several examples of weaknesses that you can say. [/ alert-success]

55). How would you describe your personality?
These are questions in which you should show features of your personal and professional profile, so again personal analysis is important, but it is also important to ask people who have worked with you, and your family or friends. With that information you can get an idea of ​​how your personality is, and transmit it on the day of the interview.

56). If I won the lottery, would I still work?
It is a very rare and elaborate question, but they can ask it. So it is your time to show that you have a bombproof motivation, and that it is not based solely on money. So you can answer that you like your job and that you enjoy facing new professional challenges.

Questions related to your private life
This is a section of questions that can vary depending on the position you request and the commitments or implications that it entails, but these types of questions are quite common and it is important to be prepared and take them as normally as possible.

But how to answer questions about our personal life?

If you perceive that the question may discriminate against you , it is in bad faith or directly violates your rights. Respond that you do not think it is relevant to the position you are demanding, but if you think it is really important you can answer it, that will depend on you.

This may also interest you:

Questions about disability
57). Are you in good health? Do you practice any sport to keep fit?
Many recruiters do not hesitate to go into thorny and private issues, such as health. I advise you, if they ask you, say yes, that you have no health problems and remember that you are not obliged to admit that you have any disease.

Comment that you take advantage of your free time to practice some sport. Risk sports are often related to injuries, so you better not name them.

58). How do you spend your free time?
If you have already been asked about the practice of a sport, mention it again and include other common activities, such as reading, running, hiking ...

59). Are you a smoker?
You cannot answer in any way other than honestly. If you smoke, acknowledge it and argue that you only do it outside working hours and that if you do it at work, you would be willing to recover that time.

60). Do you have a boyfriend? Are you married?
These questions besides being illegal, are out of place and therefore should not count when deciding on a candidate. But many times they are used in combination with others, to get an idea of ​​your willingness to travel or do overtime. As I said, it is up to you to answer them.

61). Are you pregnant? Do you plan to get pregnant?
Again questions that should not be asked and which you may not answer, is your decision. Although many women increasingly postpone pregnancy to focus on their career, that depends on you, so respond according to your convictions and desires.

Cheat questions
The interviewer uses these trap questions to try to break that previous preparation that we usually take, to face an interview. And in that way, he hopes to receive a spontaneous and sincere response that has not been prepared. As can be said, these are questions posed with a second intention:

62). Why do you want to work in this company?
One of the most repeated questions and you should take prepared, as it will demonstrate your knowledge of the company and the job you choose. You should highlight those positive aspects of the company , such as its importance and reputation, its growth, which will contribute to working in it and in any way, show that there is a real interest in working in this and not in any other company in the same sector .

63). What things from your previous job did you not like?
The person who is going to hire you does not want to hear as criticism of your previous company, nor, as you complain about any of your bosses or colleagues.

Among the trap questions of an interview, this is one of the most repeated. So try not to get caught, and talk about general aspects that you did not like , it is better to focus the answer, arguing the monotony of the job, the difficulty of moving there, or the inability to ascend and reach new goals.

64). What bothers you most about your classmates?
This is another of the trick questions, since it is not convenient to cite a string of endless complaints, because if it is not going to seem to bother you everything. Make a list and be clear about three things that bother you , such as: unpunctuality, disorder, lack of attention, negativity, etc.

Killer questions
These types of questions serve to rule out candidates during the selection process or in previous recruitment phases. The killer questions are used by the company's Human Resources, due to their effectiveness when filtering candidates, and we can find them of two types:

Those made in previous phases: they are usually made in writing, and these are closed questions that have to do with the basic requirements that you must meet to apply for employment, so in this case there is not much room for maneuver. You can ask them for example, when you respond to a job offer on the internet and they make you fill out a small form.

Those who ask you during the interview: they are usually open questions, for which there is no pre-established answer. If you detect one of these questions, it is advisable that you reflect the answer well, that you answer with sincerity and that you do not try to go through the branches. Thinking well what you are going to say before answering, can be the secret to a second interview.

65). Do you think this job is right for you?
research the company. This is about detecting if you are under qualified or overqualified, and it is at this time that questions begin to be known as killer questions or killer questions . If your resume fits reality, the recruiter knows the answer. But in any case, you should expose your interest in the position and let him know that this is what you are looking for at that moment.

If your training is lower than the needs of the requested position, you must explain what are the strengths of your work experience or studies, and make it clear that without a doubt you could quickly learn what you are not so prepared for.

If you have a higher education , the interviewer will be worried about whether you will do the job with reluctance or leave it as soon as you get a better job. This is when you must show that you are excited about this job, what you are looking for, that you could contribute many things and that you would like to do it if they trust you.

66). Why at your age have you settled for such a low salary?
It is a question designed to break the preparation you can take, one more of the killer questions . As in the others, you must bring it to your land and let see positive things , such as that you value work as a way of learning and acquiring experience , and that perfected your skills you trust to be increasing in category in the company, translating into a higher salary

67). What salary do you expect to collect?
You can say that it is something variable, it would depend on the responsibilities and that in any case it must be a fair salary. If you decide to say a figure, that is because you have already held a similar position or have seen that average salaries are charged in similar positions, better move by ranks and not by exact figures.

You can say that it is something variable, it would depend on the responsibilities and that in any case it must be a fair salary. If you decide to say a figure, that is because you have already held a similar position or have seen that average salaries are charged in similar positions, but it is always better to move by ranks and not by exact figures.

Doubts or situations that may arise
There are an infinite variety of questions that can be asked and many of them do not look for specific information, but some of them are looking for an emotional response, confusing or puzzling you to show yourself as you are. A case that you have already seen in the stress interview , where they will ask you questions that make you feel uncomfortable and tense.

68). If I went to Mars / A desert island. What would it take?
It is one of the questions that adds pressure and puzzles you, they may want to test your nerves. So even if it is difficult for you, show that you do not fall easily.

Myself in my first interview , I went blank because I had not prepared anything like this kind of question. So I advise you to prepare it, to be able to think quickly and respond in an orderly manner , try to explain that you have never seen yourself in that situation but that you would try to bring elements for your survival, oxygen, food, elements to make fire ...

69). Do you have any questions?
Even if they don't tell you directly, your obligation is to ask a question . It is not worth the first one that comes to mind, this is a very important point and you have to ask questions that have arisen during the interview or that you have already prepared.

Questions you should ask the interviewer
There are different types of interviews , but usually it is a dialogue in which you will also have your own space to ask questions. So take advantage of the situation to inform yourself of everything that interests you and it has not been clear to you during your own investigation of the company or during the interview . There is no room for obvious or under-worked questions, so think carefully and don't improvise.

It is your obligation to ask questions. You will show interest, attention and knowledge.

70). What specific responsibilities should I assume?
You are interested to know for many reasons, one of them may be if the salary does not reward your effort. But you also show interest in the work and its own characteristics.

71). What training plans do you have in the company?
In addition to asking if you are really interested, you will show that you want to continue training and that you are therefore committed to your work.

72). Can you tell me something about the criteria you use to select personnel?
If they give you specific details you can find out what type of candidate they are looking for exactly. It gives you the opportunity to act skillfully and remind you that you have some or all of those characteristics.

73). Do you think I meet the requirements they ask for?
It may seem a somewhat violent question, but it is important to ask it since it can give you first hand information in one way or another. It is your last chance to refute some detail that you did not like, or argue how you can replace your lack of experience in some aspect.

74). What is the next step in the selection process?
You show confidence by being interested in the next step. But it is also something that makes a lot of sense, since it can inform you of the way they will contact you again, if there are other interviews or maybe some proof.

75). How long have you been working in the company?
This question may also arise at the beginning of the interview, in the form of a question to break the ice, since it serves for the interviewer to tell you something about him, and hence a conversation that creates some empathy can arise.

76). To hire me. Who would be my boss?
A new opportunity to start a conversation and create ties with the interviewer. It is understood that by asking this question you already know something about the company and that you are interested in knowing more.
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Thursday, 17 October 2019

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Top 12 Tips to Get a good Job : Good career Search Ideas to be successful in digital world/EOT

Are you looking for a job? Have you sent hundreds of resumes and don't get good results? We know, going out in search of a new job can often be exhausting.

 Delivering dozens of resumes to receive just a couple of calls, attend interviews and not have a call back or get a hateful and indolent: "we have no vacancy" for a receptionist can be truly frustrating. Therefore, it is important that before going on the hunt for a new job, you prepare very well and, above all, learn to take advantage of any opportunity to sell yourself in the labor market and find a job successfully.

There is a lot of material on the Internet and even books written by experts in the area that offer you a lot of advice on how to look for work and emerge victorious, but we know that you do not have time to read so much material and that your priority is to leave as quickly Possible to find a good job.

 For that reason, we have taken the time to gather the best 12 tips to find work that we are sure will be very useful Start taking note!

12 Tips to find a good job
1. Focus on a goal
The first thing you should do to start looking for work is to have a goal and focus on it. We know that for many people the fact of not having a job can cause them stress and despair, but you need to keep calm. Instead of starting to apply for hundreds of job offers, be very clear about your goal.

And how to do it? It's very simple: think of a job that makes you excited, that corresponds to your academic profile or that requires skills for which you are very good.

With this in mind, you can start looking for a job and make a list of those companies for which you would like to work. Contact them through social networks or Internet portals and request your vacancy list.

Applying for those job offers that match your profile will make your search much easier.

2. Network
Meeting people is a great way to get a job, but this does not mean that you should hand out cards with your random data. You have to focus on those people with whom you can build a relationship: think of people you can help and who may also have an opportunity for you.

Networking is exchanging knowledge, helping each other, collaborating - not simply handing over a card or adding as friends in a social network.

Be interested in meeting people who work in your area and who can recommend you in the company for which they work, for example. Who least expect it could give you the opportunity of your life!


3. Use social networks
Social networks are also very useful for finding employment. Every day, hundreds of recruiters go to social networks to find professionals and fill their vacancies. Therefore, it is important that you create a profile on social networks such as LinkedIn , Twitter or Facebook.

Be sure to place a profile picture where you demonstrate professionalism, highlight your skills, indicate your level of training and previous experience.







4. Use job search sites
On the Internet, you can find hundreds of pages to find work that can help you discover vacancies according to your professional profile, location and even according to the positions you would like to fill. Glassdoor, Naukri.com, LinkedIn, Infojobs and Laborios are some of the options.


5. Have a good resume
A good resume is your best cover letter when it comes to getting a good job. Many times, some professionals who have all the skills to fill certain vacancies are ruled out because of a bad curriculum.

It is necessary that your curriculum be able to show the company that you are the ideal candidate to meet your need, highlight your strengths and that once the recruiter is read, think: "This is the person I am looking for."

  • Include only the data that is really relevant.
  • Select the most important information and highlight them.
  • Do not forget to put your contact information, such as email and telephone.
  • Take care of the formatting of your curriculum and leave it organized.
  • Make a grammar and spelling check.
6. Strengthen your emotional intelligence
It is as important to be clear about our competences and abilities for work as to understand our own and other people's emotions. Doing an introspection from time to time and being more aware of the way we interact, can be an important driver for the job search. Try new scenarios that involve relating to others. Also enhance your skills to work in a team or increase your performance in areas such as creativity or leadership.

7. Always look for more knowledge
Being in search of employment does not mean that you have to put aside your professional training. Quite the opposite! It is important that you take advantage of your availability to prepare yourself and obtain more knowledge that will make you stand out in the labor market.

Sign up for face-to-face or online training or courses to keep your knowledge updated. You can also sign up for events that not only allow you to learn much more, but also allow you to meet new people and build quality networking.




8. Reserve a moment every day to do what you like most
When we are in full search of employment or ambition to grow professionally, it is easy for us to lose sight of our hobbies and focus 100% on our goal. Having clear goals is fine, but it is equally important to find moments of disconnection that paradoxically connect us again with ourselves. Keep in mind what you like to do and dedicate time daily.
Moreover, I advise you to schedule these moments in your daily routine so that the rest of your obligations do not become thieves of your time. These moments recharge us with energy and are of great importance if we want to keep the focus on our goal later.

9. Do volunteer work
Joining a volunteer is a great way to meet new people, stay active and find a good job. They say that opportunities exist, only that we should go out and look for them.

Dare to leave your comfort zone and join these types of initiatives!

10. Develop your personal brand
Building your personal brand is a trend that gives you great value as a professional. When you develop your personal brand you manage to position yourself as an expert in a niche market and you have the opportunity to send a unique message and differentiate yourself from the rest of the candidates.

In our blog we teach you a step by step on how to build your own personal brand . Cheer up! You will see how the road to finding the ideal job will be easier for you.

11. Prepare well for interviews
A job interview is your best opportunity to convince an employer to hire you, so it is important that you prepare very well and avoid improvising.

To begin, we will give you some general tips that could help you ...

Clothing:
  • Take the time to research a little about the culture of the company and its dress code. With this information, you will know how formal or informal you should go to the appointment.
  • Wear clothes with which you feel comfortable and convey your personality.

Things you should not say:
  • Here are some phrases that could ruin your job interview. Do not say them!
  • Avoid saying negative comments about other people or companies. Don't be disloyal, don't criticize other colleagues.
  • Do not tell lies. We know you probably want to impress your interviewer, but that doesn't mean you have to tell lies. Be honest, we assure you that this will be well appreciated.
  • Avoid showing yourself egocentric.
  • "I do not have any question". Saying you have no questions shows disinterest. Take advantage of your interview to clear your doubts.
  • Do not ask about your remuneration and vacation in the first interview, do not assume that they will hire you.

Some tricks to highlight:
  • Do some research about the company before going to your interview.
  • Rate yourself and learn to promote yourself, highlight your strengths, knowledge and skills.
  • Be positive, smile and show enthusiasm for being part of the company.
  • Take care of your verbal language, avoid making sudden or nervous movements.

12. Trust yourself!
Nothing more attractive to a recruiter than a professional who trusts himself and his abilities. Therefore, another valuable advice that is very useful when going out to look for a job is to work in your confidence and, for this, you can rely on blogs or books on self-confidence, videos on YouTube about coaching or motivational talks.

If you feel that trust is your weak point, you can hire a coach to guide and advise you in a personalized way.

Other opportunities for those looking for work
If you have time looking for a job and you have not had the success you expected or you simply are not the type of person who is willing to keep an office schedule or have a boss to report to, this is for you! There are opportunities with which you can create your own business or work from home and, of course, generate income. Here we show you some:

Selling courses online
Do you have any kind of knowledge that could interest someone? Surely yes! And selling courses online is a great way to work from home and generate income passively .

This is a type of digital business that has a lot of advantages, one of them is that you do not need to make an initial investment to start selling your courses, so if you do not have money this will not be a problem.

Another advantage is that you can market it worldwide, you do not have to worry about logistics or shipping issues and, in addition, you have flexibility in terms of the topics to be covered in the course (health and sports, education, interpersonal relationships, development personal, leisure, development and career, etc.).

Selling ebooks
An ebook or digital book is an infoproduct with which you can also have significant income and achieve the much desired financial independence . Also, selling ebooks is a great way to turn your knowledge into your benefit and work from home by being your own boss.

Surely you have some knowledge that may interest other people, think a little and you will surely find something that you can transform into your first digital book.

Creating a blog to generate income
Creating a blog is a great way to share knowledge, express yourself and earn money! Yes, as you read it, with a blog you can earn income , and the best thing is that you do not need to invest money to start and you can do everything yourself.

To create a blog, the first thing you have to do is choose the theme. Are you passionate about travel? Do you have knowledge in nutrition and dietetics? Are you good at speaking in public? Any topic is useful when it comes to creating blogs. Ideally, you cover topics that you are passionate about and that, of course, are of interest to other people.

A blog can be profitable in many ways, such as: working as an affiliate, selling info-products, offering advice or working with Google Adsense (commercials).

Anyone can make money with a blog; Seriously, you don't need to be an expert to make this a reality. The important thing is that once you decide to work on this you dedicate time, concentration, resistance and determination, since this will not bring you money in two days or a couple of weeks.

But don't worry, all the effort will be worth it when you start reaping the results.

Having a YouTube channel
Being a Youtuber is also a great way to earn money online. This basically means posting interesting and relevant videos on YouTube and generating income in different ways (for example, for every time visitors see the advertisements that you place YouTube, that is, receive money for the amount of "views").

The best thing is that you don't need an initial investment to do it, you just need to choose the theme to be discussed and start recording the videos; Of course, taking good care of the quality of the recording and editing of the video ..

There are many possibilities to make money with Youtube ! If you feel a little afraid of being a Youtuber because you don't feel capable of generating so many visualizations, don't worry, because there are other ways, such as: the publieditorial, advertisements or public appearances, with which you can also make profitable a YouTube channel.

We hope that these tips to find work are very useful and allow you to find the opportunity of your life.

Best of Luck! Please share our blog if you like it.
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Wednesday, 16 October 2019

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Ruby Vs Python language: Which one to study first? Best for career Growth

If you are looking for a comparison between the Ruby VS Python language , do not look beyond this article! We know how difficult it can be to choose a programming language . This is even true if you just start in the field of programming, it can even be overwhelming, with so many options to choose from. This is the reason why this comparative article exists, be it a comparison between Ruby VS Python or any other language, these comparisons usually leave you with some ideas of which of the two languages ​​suits you. And this is the main reason why I created this tutorial.

We will start talking about programming languages ​​individually. We will cover the questions like "What is Ruby used for ?"  And "Why is Python good?"  After that, we will briefly cover the differences between the two languages. Finally, after establishing some benchmarks, we will compare and contrast both languages ​​and try to decide if Ruby or Python is worth studying.

Table of Contents

1) Introduction
  • 1.1) Ruby language
  • 1.2) Python language
2) Ruby VS Python, what's the difference?
3) Comparison criteria
  • 3.1) Support community
  • 3.2) Learning curve
  • 3.3) Salary
4) The comparison
  • 4.1) Which has the best support community?
  • 4.2) Which has a better learning curve?
  • 4.3) Which has the best average salary?
5) Conclusions

Introduction
So, let's start this comparative article between Ruby VS Python talking about the two programming languages ​​in question. It is important that we get to know at least a little of the fundamental information about the Ruby language and Python language before beginning to analyze them. Let's start with Ruby.

Ruby language
The Ruby language was created in 1995 by the Japanese computer scientist Yukihiro Matsumoto. It is a programming language with general purpose object - oriented , which means that it was intended for use  day to  day  (or, in other words, is used for everyday tasks). The object-oriented part is also important, this means that language uses objects in the process, which allows certain parts of the program or the program in general to be reused for other projects. In addition, object-oriented programming provides a clear modular structure for programmer projects.

From the beginning, Ruby was meant to be fun. This is something that is rarely mentioned in other comparative articles between the Ruby VS Python language , probably because it is not an objective parameter in the programming language . That said, it is still something important to mention, as it is one of the key points of the Ruby philosophy.
Mr. Matsumoto has emphasized that Ruby should be easy and fun to use and should be focused on the "human" side rather than the "computer" side of things.

The Ruby language features are dynamic writing, automatic memory management, garbage collection and many other features. It is also a completely OOP ( Object Oriented Programming ) language with inheritance, master classes and everything else.
The Ruby language also has the reputation of being a very friendly innovation from the beginning, not only does it have many features to choose from by default but also easily accepts almost most new implementations (this is an important point in the comparison between Python VS Ruby language )

With this brief description of the Ruby programming language , you should now understand the fundamentals by which the language was created. Now, let's talk about Python.

Python language
Created in 1991 by Guido Van Rossum, Python is a programming language of high level and general purposes. Like Ruby, Python also is fully object - oriented , the only difference you'll probably notice right away is that Python is a programming language of "high level" . What does this mean?

While the Ruby language emphasizes the human factor in programming. The most important feature of Python revolves around readability . The main philosophy behind Python is that it must be easy to use . This is what the “high level” part means, a high level language has a very simple and easy to read syntax with remarkable similarities to English. This is also one of the main reasons why Python is so popular, in fact its super easy use attracts more and more people every day.

While Python is Linux oriented, it can be used on almost any other existing main platform. It began to circulate as soon as its information was released to manage platforms such as YouTube, Dropbox and Instagram. Since then, it has become one of the most used programming languages ​​in the world.

At this point, you should have a fairly clear general idea of ​​both programming languages. Now that we have established some of the fundamental information between the two, let's quickly summarize the main points of how these programming languages ​​are different from each other.

Ruby VS Python , what's the difference?
One of the differences that appears when we talk about the comparison between the Ruby VS Python language is the current use of languages. People often wonder what Ruby is used for or how Python is compared to Ruby, the important factor is that while both of these languages ​​revolve around a similar field of use, things are not so simple when you take a close look The Ruby language is a programming language explicitly focused on web development, it would be difficult to say how Python compares to the Ruby language in this aspect. Python is commonly used in Linux development and is favorably seen by the academy.

Another great point in the comparison between Ruby VS Python is the current types of programming languages. Python is simple, while Ruby is flexible. What does this mean? Well, Python emphasizes simplicity over other things, usually has a simple and direct way to achieve a goal. This is the opposite of Ruby, while its form is not as simple as Python, it offers developers multiple ways to complete their tasks.

Finally, Ruby is driven by innovation , its features have creative programming and constant updates. The same cannot be said for Python, this programming language is more conservative and values ​​stability over constant innovations.

There are some main differences between the Python language and the Ruby language . Although they are not as technical as would be expected, their main philosophy tends to attract more people with different programming objectives. Now that you know what the Ruby language is used for and what is special about Python, there is one last thing we need before we can jump directly to the comparison between Ruby VS Python .

Comparison criteria
While there are multiple ways to approach this comparison between the Python language and the Ruby language , there are still certain points that are relevant to each of the programming languages. These points are especially important when it comes to choosing which one should you learn Ruby or Python? Which is better? And that word " better" consists of many different things.

For our comparison of Ruby VS Python , I have chosen three distinctive criteria, support community, learning curve and average salary . Let me briefly explain each one.
Support community
If you have already spent time searching for programming (as a general topic), you will have noticed that many people emphasize the support community as one of the most important features of a programming language . If a programming language has a strong and dedicated community, you can be sure that it is doing something right. People who are passionate about the language they chose tend to be very active in online forums and groups, sharing their experiences with the language, their mistakes and solutions, general-use tips, etc. This type of community is important not only because you can be sure of getting help if you run into problems. Certain people are also very firm usually in the preservation of programming language in question.

Also, if a programming language has a strong community, there is a possibility that there is a lot of information about it. While this is irrelevant for those who use the language, it is super important for industry newbies, with the appropriate material, these people will be able to know the trends AS SOON AS POSSIBLE and start working in a short time with the language of programming chosen .

Learning curve
It is no secret that easy-to-learn programming languages ​​are taking over the market slowly but surely. People are constantly looking for "the next easy thing" , it has become one of the important features that a programming language has . Naturally, there are exceptions to the rule but the general idea is the same. Many people attribute this phenomenon to the extremely competitive labor market, people want to be able to learn a programming language as soon as possible so they can start looking for a programming job. Whatever the case, the learning curve remains an important point for our comparison of Ruby VS Python.

Salary
When deciding whether you should choose between the Ruby language or the Python language , salary is the aspect that many people look for first. These two languages ​​are no exception, although there is no secret that the field of programming, (more generally, the field of computer science ) is famous for having high salaries, they still differ depending on the programming language in question. That is why people tend to favor some languages ​​than others, even if they are not really so different at first sight. That said, let's see how the language theme  "Ruby VS Python" compares to this.

The comparison
Finally, the moment you have been waiting for, we have reached the comparative part of the article . With everything that has been said in this tutorial, you should have a good understanding of both programming languages ​​and their differences. This will make the current comparison more approximate and easier.

Which one has the best support community?
Although community support is hard to measure, it probably isn't a surprise to you that Python is significantly more popular than the Ruby language . Most industry experts believe that there are two  big reasons why this is the case. Python is simplistic and the fact is that it focuses primarily on data science (an issue that has become more and more popular over time). While the Ruby language has strong fans, it does not match the large amount of attention Python receives from today's world.

Which one has a better learning curve?
This is another obvious, Python is seen as one of the most readable, one of the most friendly programming languages ​​for beginners around the world. It doesn't matter if we're talking about the comparison between Ruby VS Python or anything else, Python will almost always come out first when it comes to the learning curve.

That said, Ruby is also an interesting language in terms of difficulty. Since the Ruby language allows you to "create codes that generate codes", it can be really fun and easy or really horrible and difficult to learn, it depends on how far you want to go.

Which one has the best average salary ?
According to Glassdoor.com, the average salary of a  Ruby developer should be around $ 79,380 USD per year or almost $ 6615 USD per month. The same site states that a Python developer can expect to earn an annual salary of $ 86,056 USD , which would be around $ 7171 USD per month.


This is a big difference in wages! Although both are not to make fun of, it seems that the average salary of a Python developer is $ 1000 USD more than the average salary of a Ruby developer. It is true that this could also be reduced to the popularity of Python, since it is used in a massive way, naturally there is a greater demand for Python developers, which would result in a higher salary.

Conclusions
So, which language out of the debate between Ruby VS Python should you choose? Well, if you want to learn a fast programming language , start working with large projects (mostly, data science) and generate a lot of money, then the Python language is what you are looking for. However, if you have time and are looking for a steeper learning curve while also having fun, Ruby is the best alternative.

I hope this comparative article between Ruby VS Python has been useful to you and has answered all your questions. Until next time!
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Saturday, 12 October 2019

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Git Interview Questions Answers 2020 | Latest Questions Answers

It is probably safe to assume that Git has become an essential part of any company that aims to maintain the DevOps philosophy. Even if you are not interested in software engineering, Git is probably the most useful tool when it comes to project management, it is a key component for teamwork and goal achievement. Most project-based companies require their employees to know how to use the various tools that Git provides. In this Git tutorial, we will show you the most frequently asked interview questions, these will help you get a job in a company that recognizes the incredible Git tools!

In this Git tutorial, we will talk about the most basic interview questions and after we are both in the same tune, we will move on to the more advanced versions of those questions. Although Git is an amazing tool, it has a fairly steep learning curve, so put on your thinking hat and let's get started!

Table of Contents

1. Git Introduction

  • 1.1 Question 1: What is Git?
  • 1.2 Question 2: What is the difference between a “simple repository” and a “working directory”?
  • 1.3 Question 3: What is the difference between a “fork” and a “branch”?
  • 1.4 Question 4: You have created a confirmation and sent it, it is now public. However, you have noticed that there are still things that must be changed. Can you do it at the confirmation stage? and if so, how?
  • 1.5 Question 5: What is cherry picking?
  • 1.6 Question 6: What is a stash?
  • 1.7 Question 7: How do you resolve “conflicts” in Git?
  • 1.8 Question 8: What is the language used in Git?
  • 1.9 Question 9: What is an “extraction request”?
  • 1.10 Question 10: What is the most efficient way to find a bad confirmation?

2. Advanced Git Interview Questions

  • 2.1 Question 1: What is a "header"?
  • 2.2 Question 2: What is the “Git CONFIG” command used for?
  • 2.3 Question 3: Can broken confirmations be fixed?
  • 2.4 Question 4: What is the difference between “get” and “extract”?

3. Conclusions

Introduction
To begin properly with this Git tutorial, we will cover some of the basic Git commands along with their respective interview questions. Many people tend not to give much importance to the basics when preparing for a job interview. However, during this tutorial Git This should not be the case! I guess this is really obvious when you start learning what Git is and how to use it. However, even if you are already an experienced Git user, you should not make the mistake of ignoring the basic information, why?

You see, when people study interview questions through a Git tutorial, they generally don't think at the time of the interview. Of course, you can imagine the situation and the type of questions you will have to answer, but a very important aspect that many do not recognize is that, (Most of the time) there will be a lot of stress involved. Stress leads to panic, which in turn can make you forget even the most basic information about Git, especially if you haven't practiced it before.

Therefore, now that in this Git tutorial we have established the importance of basic interview questions, let's turn to them.

Question 1: What is Git?
Let's face it, you probably imagined that this question would appear in this Git tutorial.

It's hard to imagine that your potential employers ask you a first question on a completely different topic. With this question, you will provide an overview of your level of knowledge, and your employers will know what to expect during the rest of the interview.

Therefore, what is Git?

Git is a piece of technology designed to track and record changes and alterations in any type of computer files, especially when it comes to those files that are used by more than one or two people (for example, a company ). In other words, companies use Git to manage the flow of their work and track the progress of several different projects. The technology is mainly used in software engineering, but many companies around the world, which have nothing to do with the software, have incorporated Git into their workflow. It is especially popular (and even important) for developers and programmers, in addition to being one of the most essential tools for companies that strive to achieve and maintain the DevOps philosophy .

Question 2: What is the difference between a "simple repository" and a "working directory"?
Very popular during Git interview questions, comparisons are something you are likely to find in your job interview. The best way to approach them is to keep your answers short and to the point, but at the same time try to show that you have a detailed knowledge of what you are talking about.

A simple repository , as the name implies, does not have any work files used in Git. There are no subdirectories or version control, just a simple template. On the other hand, a working directory contains all the previous files (including its history), subdirectories, etc. You could say that both areas are the opposite of each other.

Question 3: What is the difference between a “fork” and a “branch”?
One of the most common interview questions about Git, your potential employers will probably ask you to compare the two concepts or perhaps even describe one of them.

The concept of “ fork ” is not unique or exclusive to Git. You can find forks in many areas. A good example of this would be the cryptocurrency bifurcations . However, at Git, the forks are much less controversial, since the technology is used in stable, " indoor " scenarios .

In Git, a fork, is a copy of a repository that is completely separate from the original . However, a branch , it is something that is used to change some parts of a program , (from the perspective of development) and then merge the changes to the core.

A good way to see them would be that, although a fork is like manipulating the exterior of a car, a branch is like changing the tires.

Question 4: You have created a confirmation and sent it, it is now public. However, you have noticed that there are still things that must be changed. Can you do it at the confirmation stage? and if so, how?
Probably one of the most popular interview questions, are those that require you to imagine a certain situation or scenario and then ask the interviewers how you would deal with it. Employers really like these types of interview questions, since they are generally based on situations that they themselves have experienced.

To answer that question, yes , changes can still be made, even after confirmation. The way to do it is by issuing one of the git commands called revert . Actually, it is one of the most common git commands and many developers use it daily.

The command will act as a "patch" for the confirmation to be changed. In this way, even if you have forgotten to change something before implementing the confirmation in the live version, you can still alter and fix things later.

Question 5: What is cherry picking?
This could be one of the most difficult interview questions, since not many people really investigate it. As a term, cherry-picking is all that is commonly used among developers (at least compared to other basic terms such as "branch" or "confirmation").

Cherry-picking , occurs when you decide to choose some type of confirmation from a branch based on Git and then apply its characteristics to another branch. Now, you may ask, why is this called cherry picking? Simple, most other Git commands that rely on confirmation transfers are designed to simultaneously copy multiple confirmations. With cherry-picking, you can choose a confirmation and apply it on another branch.

Question 6: What is a stash?
In Git, stashes are some of the most loved features by both developers and managers. The way they work is that you can basically store everything you are working on in a stash and quickly jump to another part of the project, without fear of losing any files. The stash acts as a storage unit, save your project and all its features, this allows you to return after a while and continue working from where you left off.

Question 7: How do you resolve “conflicts” in Git?
This is a particularly interesting interview question, because it acts as a double question . In order to respond appropriately, you must first know that it is a conflict.

If you are working on a confirmation and finally decide to merge it, Git will verify if there are duplicate changes in the confirmation that is being carried out. In case such duplicates are found, Git will issue a conflict; This occurs, because Git cannot determine which changes are correct and which must be discarded. If it is overlooked, this could affect your project in a negative way, this makes Git's decision to issue a conflict particularly good.

There are Git commands that are used to resolve a conflict ( such as git add and git commit ). Once issued, Git will organize the confirmations and finish the work.

Question 8: What is the language used in Git?
This is one of those interview questions that you will probably have to answer, so it is a good idea to prepare with this Git tutorial.

Simply put, Git uses the " C " language . Therefore, you could add the "Why?" Actually, it's quite simple, the "C" language allows Git to be exceptionally fast, something that would be very difficult to achieve with some of the most advanced programming languages.

Question 9: What is an “extraction request”?
You can be sure that this will be a term that you will listen to and use daily.

While a branch is a different version of the code, an extraction request is when you take a repository and then create your own branch. After this, we made some changes and merged that branch into the main project. For obvious reasons, extraction requests must be approved by other members related to the project.

Question 10: What is the most efficient way to find a bad confirmation?
Although you could check each of the confirmations and try to find the one that is causing problems, nobody really does. This is because there is a command that allows you to sort confirmations quickly and easily, which makes the search process much faster and more fluid.


Git Interview Questions - Advanced
Now that in this Git tutorial we have covered some of the basic interview questions, we can move on to the more advanced concepts. I will give you some examples of advanced interview questions. However, keep in mind that there is a wide variety of questions you might encounter. Although it would be almost impossible to cover in this tutorial Git, all possible versions of these questions. However, the ones you'll find below will give you a pretty clear idea of ​​what to expect during a job interview.

Question 1: What is a "header"?
Although it is not used as commonly as some of the other terms mentioned in this tutorial Git. A header is used to refer to the object of a confirmation. The headings are in repositories and each one of them has a predetermined heading called “Master”. In addition to the default header, a repository can have multiple different headers.

Question 2: What is the “Git CONFIG” command used for?
The command git config can be used to configure most of the options you will need when using Git. Whether it's user information or the way the repository works, this command becomes a very convenient configuration method.

Question 3: Can broken confirmations be fixed?
Yes, in fact, you can do it. The way to do it is by issuing the command git commit - amend. This command will find the broken confirmation and restore its functionality, eliminating the error message in the process.

Question 4: What is the difference between “get” and “extract”?
When you " extract " data, it is downloaded and then immediately combined with your current work files. Instead, " getting " data is the way to go if you want to download it, but without merging the files.

Conclusions
Therefore, we have reached the end of this "Tutorial Git on interview questions" . At this point, we have covered a large part of the possible basic questions, as well as some of the most popular advanced interview questions.
Try not to stress yourself and devote all your attention to studying Git. During the interview, relax and try to answer the vast majority of the questions clearly and directly. Try to expand your answers whenever you think necessary, your potential employers will value it.

I hope you found this tutorial Git useful and I wish you the best of luck during your job interview!

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Machine Learning Interview Questions Answers 2020: Latest Interview Questions PDF

If you love technology and are looking for a job that has to do with the science of data, then you've probably heard of machine learning 'machine learning'. The term has a touch of mystery - and people are surprised by the term itself. However, if you want to know how to become an artificial intelligence engineer or business intelligence developer, you are surely familiar with the concept and everything that has to do with it. If you really want to get that job, you have to prepare for the job interview, and the best way to do it will be by examining the questions in a job interview about machine learning.

In this tutorial, we will analyze some of the questions in a most popular machine learning interview. We will cover both basic and advanced topics, get ready for a learning adventure, let's get started!

Table of content
1. Introduction

  • 1.1 Question 1: Describe 'machine learning'.
  • 1.2 Question 2: What is 'deep learning'?
  • 1.3 Question 3: What is the difference between 'type 1' and 'type 2' errors?
  • 1.4 Question 4: What is 'data enrichment'?
  • 1.5 Question 5: Why is the 'Naive Bayesian' classifier so called?
  • 1.6 Question 6: Which are better - deep or shallow networks?
  • 1.7 Question 7: What is the 'Fourier transform'?
  • 1.8 Question 8: What is a 'convulutional network'?
  • 1.9 Question 9: What should we know about the correlation between 'true positive' and 'recovery'?
  • 1.10 Question 10: What is the 'backward propagation of errors'?
  • 1.11 Question 11: What happens if we only use the 'validation set', without applying the 'test set'?

2. Advanced:  Questions in a job interview

  • 2.1 Question 1: What is the difference between the 'generative' and the 'discriminative' model?
  • 2.2 Question 2: Explain the differences between 'cross validation' and 'stratified cross validation'.
  • 2.3 Question 3: In which cases are the regressions 'Lasso' and 'Ridge' used?
  • 2.4 Question 4: What is 'F1'?
  • 2.5 Question 5: In most cases, which one has a higher score, the models as a whole or the individual?
  • 2.6 Question 6: What is the difference between 'correlation' and 'covariance'?
  • 2.7 Question 7: Describe an 'unbalanced data set'.
  • 2.8 Question 8: What is 'data normalization'?
  • 2.9 Question 9: Could you capture the correlation between categorical and continuous variables?
  • 2.10 Question 10: What is the activation function used for?

3. Conclusions

|Introduction|
Once you have your interview scheduled, you can start preparing and studying the questions in a machine learning job interview, the best way to start with the basic questions. These are the ones you will surely receive at the beginning of your interview. In this way, you can surprise your employers with your critical thinking and your personal cohesive thoughts. That's why some of the questions are based on definitions, comparisons, explanations and more.

Question 1: Describe 'Machine learning'.
There is no way around this question, right?

Most employers will probably ask you something similar in the first question. This due to a number of reasons.

First, your interviewers cannot ask other questions about deep learning without making sure you know what ' machine learning ' is. In addition, the way you respond will show how well you can develop your own definitions - or, in other words, how well you can explain a complicated topic in an easy and understandable way. If you only recite  what you have memorized the previous night of a scientific journal, it will probably give you less credibility than if you explained it yourself.

So what is machine learning ?

The easiest and most understandable way to describe machine learning is to call it a specific philosophy of artificial intelligence development . It is a scientific field that is interested in how to create machines that can learn from the information provided to them, without being previously programmed to do so.

Question 2: What is 'deep learning'?
This is one of the questions about deep learning that you will surely receive in your job interview. Since deep learning is closely linked to machine learning, you will probably be asked about it in your interview.

The deep learning is a branch of machine learning . This scientific branch is interested in creating the neural networks of the machine to resemble the human brain as much as possible.

Question 3: What is the difference between 'type 1' and 'type 2' errors?
Type 1 errors claim that something has happened, when in reality, it was impossible to happen. Type 2 errors do the opposite, they say that nothing has happened when it clearly happened.

These types of questions could be a bit confusing, but we are going to provide you with some methods that you can use to remember them easily.

For example, here you have an excellent method to help you remember the difference between the two types of errors: just imagine that the type 1 error is when you tell your dog that it is a cat, while the type 2 error is when you tell it to the same dog that dogs can't bark.

Question 4: What is 'data enrichment'?
This is one of the simplest questions, data enrichment 'data augmentation' is a way to modify and create new data from old data. This is achieved by leaving the objective as it is or simply turning it into something that is already known.

Question 5: Why is the 'Naive Bayesian' classifier so called?
The naive Bayesian is called naive because of the way he thinks. Assume that each element in the data set is the same when it comes to its importance. Obviously, that is almost never the case in everyday situations.

Question 6: Which are better - deep or shallow networks?
You could classify this as one of the questions in a machine learning job interview based on comparison, you have to know a little about both networks and be able to compare them to find a clear difference.

The deep networks are generally considered the best alternative. Simply because they consist of more layers, of which almost all of them are hidden - this helps deep networks extract and create better functions.

Question 7: What is the 'Fourier transform'?
The ' Fourier transform ' method is used to transform simple and generic functions into what is known as superfunctions . If this is one of the questions in a machine learning job interview in which you want to deepen, you could compare it with the situation in which you are given a car to disassemble it and see all the different components and parts that make it up.

Question 8: What is a 'convulutional network'?
Normal and simple networks use connected layers to execute their processes. Instead, convulutional networks are those that instead of using connected layers, use convulutional .

The main reason why people prefer convulutional networks over standard, connected layers, is that a lower number of parameters are attributed to convulutional networks.

Question 9: What should we know about the correlation between 'true positive' and 'recovery'?
Although this sounds like one of the most advanced questions for an interview, the answer is quite simple. Both metrics are identical. We can see it by observing its formula: TP / TP + FN.

Question 10: What is the 'backward propagation of errors'?
Although its term sounds quite high, the backward propagation of errors is simply a training method for multi-level neural networks . We can train the network with this method by taking the ' error ' of each end and placing it on each of the weights of the network. In this way, the machine has the opportunity to perform its calculation effectively.

Question 11: What happens if we only use the 'validation set', without applying the 'test set'?
It is the ideal question to finalize the list of basic machine learning questions, because it is a bit more complicated.

Basically, if you only apply the validation set , you will not provide an accurate estimate of all the model measures you are trying to test. This is because the ' test set ' is used to test how it will work on examples that you have not faced before. Therefore, if you remove the test set, you automatically compromise the possibility of obtaining valid test results, so to speak.

|Advanced: Questions in a job interview|

Now that you have an idea of ​​what machine learning is in general and the questions you might expect in your job interview, we can continue with the advanced topics.

But do not be fooled. Your employers will surely not ask you to create a self-sufficient artificial intelligence system or write a book of three hundred sheets about all the ways you can examine deep learning. In this context, " advanced" simply means that the questions will be a little more difficult - they might ask you to deepen your answers, give examples, etc. So don't worry, relax and let's start.

Question 1: What is the difference between the 'generative' and the 'discriminative' model?
Although it could be heard as a misleading question, your employers just want to know how these models handle the data.

The generative model , as its name implies, will reverse the effort and learn the different categories of data provided. In contrast, a discriminative model will only study the differences between different categories of data.

Developers and engineers generally prefer to use the discriminative model, because it tends to manage tasks more quickly and efficiently.

Question 2: Explain the differences between 'cross validation' and 'stratified cross validation'.
The cross - validation is used to separate random data between the training period and the validation set. The layered cross - validation does exactly the same, but without random variable - and still preserves the training ratio vs. test validation This is one of the questions that could confuse you, be careful!

Question 3: In which cases are the regressions 'Lasso' and 'Ridge' used?
Enter the category of advanced questions because you have to deeply rationalize the two types of regressions to provide a valid answer.

The Lasso regression can perform both functions and reduce variable selection parameters while Ridge regression can only be used for the latter. With that in mind, you will most likely use the LAsso regression when you have only a few variables and a great effect. On the other hand, a Ridge regression should be used when there are many small variables.

This is an excellent example of questions about machine learning in which you could give a detailed answer and not just recite something memorized.

Question 4: What is 'F1'?
No, it is not a key on your keyboard that you can press to get the answer.

The F1 score is the estimate of how well your model is doing. Any number close to the ' 1 ' mark is excellent, everything under the ' 0.5 ' mark should be reviewed.

Question 5: In most cases, which one has a higher score, the models as a whole or the individual?
The sets are generally those that provide a higher score. This is simply because they are combinations of different models, made to predict a single result in particular. The more models there are, the more errors they can solve - and the better prediction of the final score.

Question 6: What is the difference between 'correlation' and 'covariance'?
This could be a rather complicated question if you don't know the correlation between the two (it 's serious ).

Although if you know, the answer is easy: covariance becomes a correlation once standardized .

Question 7: Describe an 'unbalanced data set'.
An unbalanced data set is a set that, after the test, returns the results that more than half of all the information is stationed in only one class.

How to avoid this? Well, there are a couple of simple solutions - whether you test again with a new algorithm or try to test a larger amount of data so that the results are matched.

Question 8: What is 'data normalization'?
Do you remember when we talk about the ' backward propagation of errors '? Well, data normalization is used to minimize data redundancy in the backward propagation process. This allows the user to adjust different values ​​as necessary, thus eliminating possible redundancy problems.

Question 9: Could you capture the correlation between categorical and continuous variables?
It is possible, but you should use what is known as the Covariance Analysis ( ANCOVA ) method . Using it, you can capture the correlation.

Question 10: What is the activation function used for?

This function allows you to diversify your network by introducing non-linear learning methods. What this does is that it will help your machine learn how to process complicated processes easily.

|Conclusions|
In this tutorial, we review the interviews in a machine learning job interview. We start with the basics and then analyze some of the advanced questions and answers that you might receive in your job interview.

Whether you're looking for a job as an IT specialist or an expert in artificial intelligence and machine learning, remember to review and remember these questions and answers. Sure, we've only covered the tip of the iceberg, but if you learn these questions and their answers by heart, you'll have a clear idea of ​​what you can expect in the interview.
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