What is Azure Synapse Pathway? A Comprehensive Guide

Azure Synapse Pathway is an innovative and powerful tool developed by Microsoft to facilitate seamless migration of on-premises data and workloads to the cloud. It plays a crucial role in helping businesses accelerate their digital transformation journey and take advantage of the scalability, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness offered by the cloud.

Understanding Azure Synapse Pathway

Azure Synapse Pathway is a migration tool designed to streamline the process of moving on-premises data and workloads to Azure Synapse Analytics and other Azure data services. It was developed as a successor to the SQL Server Migration Assistant (SSMA) and offers expanded capabilities to cater to modern data warehousing and analytics needs.

Key Features and Benefits

1. Automated Assessment: Azure Synapse Pathway provides automated assessments for your existing on-premises data infrastructure. It analyzes your database schema, objects, and code to identify compatibility issues and provides recommendations to resolve them.
2. Data and Schema Migration: The tool supports data migration from various on-premises sources to Azure Synapse Analytics, Azure SQL Database, or Azure SQL Managed Instance. It also helps with schema migration and ensures that your data is transformed accurately during the migration process.
3. T-SQL Conversion: For those migrating from SQL Server, Synapse Pathway automatically converts Transact-SQL (T-SQL) code to make it compatible with Azure SQL Database or Azure Synapse Analytics, reducing manual effort and potential errors.
4. Data Movement Services: Azure Synapse Pathway leverages Azure Data Factory for efficient and secure data movement between on-premises data sources and Azure cloud storage.
5. Integration with Azure Services: The tool seamlessly integrates with other Azure services, such as Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) for authentication and authorization, providing a holistic and secure migration experience.
6. Batch and Real-time Migration: Azure Synapse Pathway supports both batch and real-time data migration scenarios, catering to various business needs.

Supported Data Sources

Azure Synapse Pathway supports a wide range of data sources for migration, including:

  • SQL Server (2005 and above)
  • Oracle (10g and above)
  • Teradata (V13 and above)
  • Netezza (V7 and above)
  • IBM DB2 (V10 and above)
  • MySQL (V5.6 and above)
  • PostgreSQL (V9.3 and above)
  • And many others

Migration Strategies

There are several migration strategies you can consider when using Azure Synapse Pathway:

  1. Lift-and-Shift Migration: This strategy involves migrating the entire on-premises data infrastructure to Azure with minimal changes. It is ideal for applications that need to be quickly moved to the cloud without significant modifications.
  2. Re-Platforming: Re-platforming involves migrating the data infrastructure with minor modifications to take advantage of the cloud environment's capabilities, such as scaling and automatic backups.
  3. Modernization: This strategy involves significant changes to the application architecture to fully leverage Azure services and cloud-native capabilities. It is suitable for organizations looking to achieve maximum performance and scalability.

Best Practices for Azure Synapse Pathway Migration

  • Pre-migration Assessment: Before starting the migration process, conduct a thorough assessment of your on-premises data infrastructure to identify potential issues and plan the migration accordingly.
  • Data Validation: Verify the data consistency and integrity before and after migration to ensure a successful and accurate migration.
  • Backup and Restore: Always have a backup of your on-premises data to safeguard against any unforeseen issues during migration.
  • Testing in Staging Environment: Conduct a pilot migration in a staging environment to validate the migration process and identify and fix any issues.
  • Monitoring and Optimization: Continuously monitor the migrated system's performance and optimize as required for the best possible experience.


Azure Synapse Pathway is a powerful and essential tool for organizations planning to migrate their on-premises data and workloads to Azure Synapse Analytics and other Azure data services. With its automated assessment, T-SQL conversion, and seamless integration with Azure services, it simplifies the migration process and accelerates your journey to the cloud.

By following best practices and carefully planning your migration strategy, you can ensure a smooth and successful migration, unlocking the full potential of Azure's cloud capabilities and enabling your organization to derive greater insights from your data. Embrace Azure Synapse Pathway to embark on a transformational data journey and stay ahead in today's competitive digital landscape.



Contact Form